Wednesday, September 22, 2010

What Is MET (Muscle Energy Technique) Explained

MET (Muscle Energy Technique)

Brief History:

IN 1954, a therapy system known as PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation) was introduced. PNF stretching is still one of the widest used and most effective therapy systems for the rehabilitation of neurologic and soft tissue disorders.

A modified version of PNF is called Muscle Energy Technique, or MET for short. MET helps to couteract muscle spasm, improve flexibility, and restore muscle strength.

How is MET done?

MET involves the contraction of a muscle by the client against the resistance provided by a a therapist followed by relaxation and subsequent passive stretching to increase range of motion of the related joints.

MET is performed by movign a body part involving the tight muscle into a stretched position to a point of discomfort. The therapist then supports the body part in this position while the client contracts the muscles for five to thirty seconds, and then relaxes. A contraction of 30 to 50% is adequate. The process is then repeated 2 to 5 times as the range of motion of the affected muscle or articulation increases until flexibility is restored and spasm reduced.

Caution: If any movement causes the client to tense due to pain, that movement should not be performed.

MET is a valuable tool when addressing soft tissue conditions that involve tense or shortened muscles. Muscle spasms are effectively quieted. Joint mobility can be improved and lengthened or weak antagonistic muscles can be toned.

Secondary technique used:

Athletic/Sports Massage

Shaking/Jostling (vibrating) a limb or area releases tension and loosens fascia and improves lymph movement.

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